of Observing the Sabbath
Keeping Holy What
God Made Holy
What is first commanded
in the Sabbath commandment?
Sabbath day. Exodus 20:8
Which day is the Sabbath?
But the seventh day
is the Sabbath to the Lord your God. Verse
For what purpose are we
to remember the Sabbath day?
Remember the Sabbath
day to keep it holy. Verse 8.
Note All through the
week we are to remember the Sabbath day to
keep it holy. This means that all our plans
are to be laid and all our business adjusted with
reference to the Sabbath, the object of which is
to remind us that God is the Creator of all
things. This is just as essential to spiritual
growth during the six working days as upon the
Sabbath itself. We are to remember that day,
also, that when it comes we may not be tempted by
circumstances of our own creating to treat it, or
any part of it, as secular, or common, time. Thus
the Sabbath commandment is to be obeyed every
day, though the Sabbath itself can be kept, or
observed, only upon the seventh day, for the
seventh day is the Sabbath.
Who made the Sabbath day
For in six days the
Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and
all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh
day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath
day and made it holy. Verse 11.
Note God made the
Sabbath day holy; we are to keep it holy.
What is it that makes a
in it. (See Exodus 3:5; 29:43-46; Joshua
To keep the Sabbath day
holy, what must we recognize?
in the day, His blessing upon it, and His sanctification
When according to the
Bible, does the Sabbath begin?
And the evening and
the morning were the first day. And
the evening and the morning were the
second day. (See Genesis 1:5, 8, 13, 19,
23, 31.) From evening to evening,
you will celebrate the Sabbath. Leviticus
Note The reference in
Leviticus is the Day of Atonement (see Leviticus
23:27); however, a comparison with mark 1:32
shows that the same regulation was followed for
the seventh-day Sabbath.
One advantage of keeping the
Sabbath according to the Bible method of
reckoning the day from sunset to sunset, rather
than the Romans reckoning, from midnight to
midnight, is that by the former, one is awake to
welcome and to bid adieu to the day when it comes
and goes, whereas by the latter, he is asleep
when the day begins and ends. Sunset is a great
natural sign for marking the division of time
Physical and Spiritual Rest
What labor is to be done
through the week?
Six days you shall
labor and do all your work. Exodus
Is any of this kind of work to
be done on the Sabbath?
On it you shall not do
any work. Verse 10.
Note If the Sabbath
is to be kept holy, mere physical
rest one day in seven cannot be the great object
of the Sabbath institution.
How does the Lord, through
the prophet Isaiah, indicate what is true Sabbath
If you keep your
feet from breaking the Sabbath and from doing
what you please on my holy day, if you
call the Sabbath a delight and the Lords
holy day honorable, and if you honor it by
not going our own way and not doing as you please
or speaking idle words, then you will find your
joy in the Lord, and I will cause you to ride
on the heights of the land and to feast on the
inheritance of your father Jacob. Isaiah
Note As the Jews
departed from God, and failed to make the
righteousness of Christ their own by faith, the
Sabbath lost its significance to them. Satan was
seeking to exalt himself and to draw men away
from Christ, and he worked to pervert the
Sabbath, because it was a sign of the power of
Christ. The Jewish leaders accomplished the will
of Satan by surrounding Gods rest day with
burdensome requirements. In the days of Christ
the Sabbath had become so perverted that its
observance reflected the character of selfish and
arbitrary men rather than the character of the
loving heavenly Father. The rabbis virtually
represented God as giving laws that it was
impossible for men to obey. They led the people
to look upon God as a tyrant, and to think that
the observance of the Sabbath, as He required it,
made men hardhearted and cruel. It was the work
of Christ to clear away these misconceptions.
Although the rabbis followed him with merciless
hostility, He did not appear to conform to their
requirements, but went straight forward, keeping
the Sabbath according to the law of God.
What is the character of God,
and how only can He be truly worshiped?
spirit, and his worshipers must
worship in spirit and in truth.
Note This is one
reason why the attempt to produce Sabbath keeping
by human laws is altogether out of place. Such
laws can never produce true Sabbath keeping, for
that is spiritual, and must be of the mind
and from the heart, and not perfunctory,
mechanical, or of force.
What is one thing of
which the Sabbath is a sign?
That it is God who sanctifies
His people, or makes them holy. (See
Exodus 31:13; Ezekiel 20:12.)
What does the psalm for
the Sabbath day suggest as proper
themes for Sabbath thought and action?
It is good to
praise the Lord and make music to your name, O
Most High, to proclaim your love in the morning
and your faithfulness at night, to the music of
the ten-stringed lyre and the melody of the harp.
For you made me glad by your deeds, O
Lord; I sing for joy at the works of your hands. How
great are your works, O Lord, how profound your
thoughts! Psalm 92:1-5.
What do the works of God
The heavens declare
the glory of God; the skies proclaim the works
of his hands. Day after day they pour forth speech;
night after night they display knowledge.
There is no speech or language where their
voice is not heard. Psalm 19:1-3.
Note God designed
that the Sabbath should direct the minds of men
to His created works, and through these to Him,
the Creator. Nature itself speaks to our senses,
telling us that there is a God, the Creator and
Supreme Ruler of the universe. The Sabbath was
designed to keep the Creator constantly in mind.
The proper keeping of it, therefore, must
naturally tend to prevent idolatry, atheism,
agnosticism, infidelity, irreligion, and
irreverence; and, being promotive of the
knowledge and fear of God, must of necessity be a
deterrent to sin. In this may its value and
importance be seen.
What evidence is there
that the Sabbath was designed to be a day for
There are six days
when you may work, but the seventh day is a
Sabbath of rest, a day of sacred assembly.
You are not to do any work; wherever you live, it
is a Sabbath to the Lord. Leviticus 23:3.
What was Christs custom
on the Sabbath day?
He went to Nazareth,
where he had been brought up, and on the
Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was
his custom. And he stood up to read.
What else did Jesus do on the
Now the day on which
Jesus had made mud and opened the mans
eyes was a Sabbath.
Note A large share of
Christs ministry consisted of miracles and
acts of mercy performed for the relief of
suffering humanity; and not a few of these were
done on the Sabbath.
In what words did He justify
acts of mercy on the Sabbath?
He said to them, If
any of you has a sheep and it falls into a pit on
the Sabbath, will you not take hold of it and
lift it out? How much more valuable is a man than
a sheep! Therefore it is lawful to do
good on the Sabbath. Matthew
Note Not a little of
Christs earthly ministry was devoted to
uplifting the Sabbath and showing the beneficent
character of the Sabbath institution. It was not
meant to be a day of sorrow, austerity, or gloom.
Disinterested works of love and mercy toward man
or beast are always in place on the Sabbath. Lawful
means according to law.
Preparing for the Sabbath
What is the day on which to
prepare for the Sabbath?
It was Preparation
Day [the sixth day or Friday] and the Sabbath
was about to begin.
Luke 23:54. (See also Exodus
Note In order to keep
the Sabbath day holy, it must be remembered all
through the week; and on the sixth day, or the
day just before the Sabbath, special preparation
should be made to be ready to welcome and
observe the day when it comes.
How did the Israelites in the
wilderness on the sixth day prepare for the
On the sixth day
they gathered twice as much. Exodus
Note The Sabbath
should be the happiest day of all the week. The
Sabbath is not intended to be a period of useless
inactivity. The law forbids secular labor on the
rest day of the Lord; the toil gains a livelihood
must cease; no labor for worldly pleasure or
profit is lawful upon that day;
but as God ceased His labor of creating, and
rested upon the Sabbath and blessed it; so man is
to leave the occupations of his daily life, and
devote those sacred hours to healthful rest, to
worship, and to holy deeds.
Dont forget the Sabbath
Dont forget the
The Lord our God hath blest,
Of all the week the
Of all the week the best;
It bring repose from labor,
It tells of joy divine,
It beams of light descending
With heavenly beauty shine.
Keep the Sabbath holy,
And worship Him today,
Who said to His disciples,
I am the living way,
And if we meekly follow
Our Savior here below,
Hell give us of the
Whose streams eternal flow.
Day of sacred pleasure!
Its golden hours well
In thankful hymns to Jesus,
The childrens dearest
O gentle, loving Savior,
How good and kind Thou art,
How precious is Thy promise,
To dwell in every heart!
-Fanny J. Crosby.
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