What assurances have we
that there will be a judgment?
In the past God
overlooked such ignorance, but now he commands
all people everywhere to repent. For he has set a
day when he will judge the world with justice by
the man he appointed. He has given proof of this
to all men by raising him from the dead.
Was the judgment still
future in Pauls day?
As Paul discoursed on
righteousness, self-control and the judgment to
come, Felix was afraid and said, Thats
enough for now! You may leave. When I find it
convenient, I will send for you. (Acts
How many must meet the
test of the judgment?
I thought in my heart,
God will bring to judgment both the
righteous and the wicked, for there will be a
time for every activity, a time for every deed.
(Ecclesiastes 3:17) For we must all appear
before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one
may receive what is due him for the things done
while in the body, whether good or bad. (II
What reasons did Solomon
give for urging all to fear God and keep His
For God will bring
every deed into judgment, including every hidden
thing, whether it is good or evil.
What view of the judgment
scene was given to Daniel?
As I looked,
thrones were set into place, and the Ancient of
Days took his seat. His clothing was as white as
snow; the hair of his head was white like wool.
His throne was flaming with fire, and its wheels
were all ablaze, a river of fire was flowing,
coming out before him, Thousands upon thousands
attended him; and ten thousand times ten thousand
stood before him. The court was seated, and the
books were opened. (Daniel 7:9,10.)
Out of what will all be
And I saw the dead,
great and small, standing before the throne and
the books were opened. Another book was opened,
which is the book of life. The dead were judged
according to what they had done as recorded in
the books. (Revelation 20:12.)
For whom has a book of
remembrance been written?
Then those who feared
the Lord talked with each other, and the Lord
listened and heard. A scroll of remembrance was
written in his presence concerning those who had
feared the Lord and honored his name.
The Judgment Scene
Who opens the judgment
and presides over it?
As I looked, thrones
were set into place and the Ancient of Days took
his seat. (Daniel 7:9.)
Who will minister to God and
assist in the judgment?
Then I looked
and heard the voice of many angels, numbering
thousands upon thousands, and ten thousand times
ten thousand. They encircled the throne, the
living creatures, and the elders. (Revelation
Who is brought before the
Father at this time?
In my vision at night
I looked, and there before me was one like a son
of man, coming with the clouds of heaven.
What does Christ as the
advocate of His people confess before the Father
and before His angels?
me before men, I will also acknowledge him before
my Father in heaven. But whoever disowns me
before men, I will disown him before my Father in
heaven. (Matthew 10:32,33.)
Note During the
judgment scene both the righteous and the wicked
dead are still in their graves. The record of
each ones life, however, is in the books of
heaven, and by that record, the characters and
the deeds of all are well known. Christi is there
to appear in behalf of those who have chosen Him
as their advocate. (I John 2:1.) He presents His
blood as He appeals for their sins to be blotted
from the books of record. As the place of
judgment is in heaven, where Gods throne
is, and as Christ is present in person, it
follows that the work of judgment is also in
heaven. All are judged by the record of their
lives, and thus answer for the deeds done in the
body. This work will not only decide forever the
cases of the dead but also the close of
probation, during the Great Tribulation of all
who are living, after which Christ will come to
take to Himself those who have been found loyal
After the subjects of the
kingdom have been determined by the investigative
judgment, what is given to Christ?
He was given
authority, glory and sovereign power; all
peoples, nations and men of every language
worshiped him. His dominion is an everlasting
dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom
is one that will never be destroyed.
When He comes the second
time, what title will He bear?
On his robe and on
his thigh he has the name written: King of kings
and Lord of lords. (Revelation 19:16.)
What will He then do for
Behold, I am coming
soon! My reward is with me, and I will give to
everyone according to what he has done.
Where will Christ then
take His people?
In my Fathers house
there are many rooms; if it were not so, I would
have told you. I am going there to prepare a
place for you. And If I go and prepare a place
for you, I will come back and take you to be with
me that you may be where I am. (John 14:2,3.)
How many of the dead will
Do not be amazed at
this, for a time is coming when all who are in
their graves will hear his voice and come out
those who have done good will rise to
live, and those who have done evil will rise to
be condemned. (John 5:28,29.)
What time intervenes
between the two resurrections?
And I saw thrones on
which were seated those who have been given
authority to judge. And I saw the souls of those
who have been beheaded because of their testimony
for Jesus and because of the word of God. They
had not worshiped the beast or his image and had
not received the mark on their foreheads or their
hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ
a thousand years. The rest of the dead did not
come to life until the thousand years were ended.
This is the first resurrection. (Revelation
The Saints in Judgment
What work did Daniel see
finally assigned to the saints?
As I watched, this
horn was waging war against the saints and
defeating them, until the Ancient of Days came
and pronounced judgment in favor of the saints of
the Most High, and the time came when they
possessed the kingdom. (Daniel 7:21,22.)
How long will the saints
engage in this work of judgment?
And I saw thrones,
and they sat upon them, and judgment was given
and they lived and reigned with
Christ a thousand years. (Revelation 20:4.)
Who will thus be judged by
Do you not know that
the saints will judge the world? And if you are
to judge the world, are you not competent to
judge trivial cases? Do you not know that we will
judge angels? How much more the things of this
life! (I Corinthians 6:2,3.)
Christ Executes Judgment
How will the decisions of
the judgment be executed?
Out of his mouth
comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the
nations. He will rule them with an iron scepter.
He trends the winepress of the fury of the wrath
of God Almighty. (Revelation 19:15.)
Why is the execution of
the judgment given to Christ?
For as the Father
has life in himself, so he has granted the Son to
have life in himself, and he has given authority
to judge because he is the Son of Man.
How was the opening of the
judgment to be made known to the world?
And then I saw
another angel flying in midair, and he had the
eternal gospel to proclaim to those who live on
the earth to every nation, tribe, language
and people. He said in a loud voice, Fear
god and give him glory, because the hour of his
judgment has come. Worship him who made the
heavens, the earth, the sea and the springs of
water. (Revelation 14:6,7.)
Note There are
three phases of the judgment mentioned in the
Scriptures: the investigative judgment,
proceeding the second advent; the judgment of the
lost world and the wicked angels by Christ and
the saints during the thousand years following
the second advent; and the executive judgment, or
punishment of the wicked at the close of this
period. The investigative judgment takes place in
heaven before Christ comes, in order to ascertain
who are worthy to be raised in the first
resurrection, at His coming, and who among the
living are to be changed in the twinkling of an
eye, at the sound of the last trump. It is
necessary for this to take place before the
Second Advent, as there will be no time for such
a work between the coming of Christ and the
raising of the righteous dead. The
executive judgment on the wicked occurs after the
saints have examined their cases during the
thousand years. (Revelation 20:4,5; I Corinthians
6:1-3.) The investigative judgment is that which
is announced to the world by the angels
message of Revelation 14:6,7.
Christ ministers today as
our High Priest and Advocate before the throne of
His Father in the heavenly sanctuary. He is the
only mediator between God and man.
Every individual must face
judgment for deeds done in the body,
whether good or evil. And we should not forget
that the standard of that judgment is the holy
law of God, the Ten Commandments.