and the Sabbath
Maker and Keeper
of the Sabbath
Of what did Christ say the
Son of Man is Lord?
For the Son of Man
is Lord of the Sabbath. Matthew
12:8. (See also Mark 2:28.)
Who made the Sabbath?
all things were made; without him nothing was
made that has been made.
John 1:3. [Christ, the
Note Christ is the
creative agent of the Godhead.
Did Christ, while on
earth, keep the Sabbath?
He went to Nazareth,
where he had been brought up, and on the
Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was
his custom. And he stood up to read.
Note It has been
noted that during Jesus Christ life on Earth he
kept 777 Sabbath days.
Debate on How to Keep the
Although Lord, Maker, and
an observer of the Sabbath, how was He watched
and spied upon on this day?
The Pharisees and
the teachers of the law were looking for a reason
to accuse Jesus, so they watched him closely
to see if he would heal on the Sabbath.
How did Christ meet their
false ideas of Sabbath keeping?
Then Jesus said to
them, I ask you which is lawful on the
Sabbath: to do good or do evil, to save or to
destroy? Verse 9.
How did they manifest
their displeasure at His healing the man with the
withered hand on the Sabbath?
But they were
furious and began to discuss with one another
what they might do with Jesus. Verse
11. Then the Pharisees went out and began
to plot with the Herodians how they might kill
Jesus. Mark 3:6.
Note Although the
miracle Christ performed had given evidence that
He was from God, they were angry because He had
shown their views on the Sabbath keeping to be
wrong. Wounded pride, obstinacy, and malice,
therefore combined to fill them with madness, and
they went out immediately and held counsel with
the Herodians their political enemies
for the purpose of accomplishing His
Because Jesus healed a man
on the Sabbath day and told him to take up his
bed and walk, what did the Jews do?
So, because Jesus
was doing these things on the Sabbath, the
Jews persecuted him.
John 5:16. [Persecuted
or to kill Jesus]
Note It is
noteworthy that not the least of the malice that
finally caused His crucifixion was engendered
over this very question of the Sabbath
observance. Christ did not keep the Sabbath
according to their ideas, and so they sought to
kill Him. Many today cherish this same spirit.
Because some do not agree with their ideas of the
Sabbath, or Sabbath observance, they seek to
persecute and oppress them and seek laws, and
alliances with political powers, to compel
respect for their own views.
How did Jesus answer them?
Jesus said unto
them, My Father is always at his work to
this very day, and I, too, am working. Verse
Note The ordinary
operations of nature, as manifested in Gods
almighty, upholding, beneficent, and healing
power, go on during the Sabbath. To cooperate
with God and nature in the work of healing on the
Sabbath cannot, therefore, be out of harmony with
What effect did this
answer have upon the Jews?
For this reason
the Jews tried all the harder to kill him;
not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was
even calling God his Father, making himself equal
Because the disciples
plucked a few heads of grain on the Sabbath day
to satisfy hunger, what did the Pharisees say?
The Pharisees said
to him, Look, why are they doing what is
unlawful on the Sabbath.
What was Christs
He answered, Have
you never read what David did when he and his
companions were hungry and in need? In the days
of Abiathar the high priest, he entered the house
of God and ate the consecrated bread, which is
lawful only for the priests to eat. And he also
gave some to his companions. Then he said
unto them, The Sabbath was made for man,
not man for the Sabbath. So the Son of Man is
Lord even of the Sabbath. Verses 25-27.
What was said of Christs
healing a woman one Sabbath?
Jesus had healed on the Sabbath, the synagogue
ruler said to the people, There are six
days for work. So come and be healed on those
days, not on the Sabbath. Luke 13:14.
What was Christs
The Lord answered
him, You hypocrites! Doesnt each of
you on the Sabbath untie his ox or donkey from
the stall to lead it out to give it water? Then
should not this woman, a daughter of Abraham,
whom Satan has kept bound for eighteen long
years, be set free on the Sabbath day from what
bound her? Verses 15,16.
What effect did Christs
answers have upon the people?
When he said this, all
the opponents were humiliated, but the people
were delighted with all the wonderful things
he was doing. Verse 17.
How did Christ justify
acts of mercy on the Sabbath?
He said to them, If
any of you has a sheep and it falls into a pit on
the Sabbath, will you not take hold of it and
lift it out? How much more valuable is a man than
a sheep! Therefore it is lawful to do good on the
Sabbath. Matthew 12:11,12.
What dispute did Christs
Some of the
Pharisees said, This man is not from
God, for he does not keep the Sabbath. But
others asked, How can a sinner do such
miraculous signs? So they were divided.
Note By these
miracles God was setting the seal of approval to
Christs views and teachings respecting the
Sabbath and to His manner of observing it, thus
condemning the narrow and false views of the
Pharisees. Hence the division.
Jesus magnifies the Sabbath
According to Isaiah, what
was Christ to do with the law?
It pleased the Lord
for the sake of his righteousness to make his
laws great and glorious. Isaiah 42:21.
Note In nothing,
perhaps, was this more strikingly fulfilled than
in the manner of the Sabbath observance. By their
numerous traditional regulations and senseless
restrictions the Jews made the Sabbath a burden,
and anything but a delight. Christ removed all of
these, and by His life teachings restored the
Sabbath to its proper place as a day of worship,
of contemplation of God, a day for doing acts of
charity and mercy. Thus He magnified it and made
it honorable. One of the most prominent features
of Christs ministry was this work of Sabbath
reform. Christ did not abolish or change
the Sabbath; but he did rescue it from the
rubbish of tradition, false ideas, and
superstitions by which it had been degraded. The
Pharisees had placed the institution above
man and against man. Christ
reversed the order, and said, The
Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the
Sabbath. He showed that it was to
minister to the happiness and well-being of both
man and beast.
In view of the coming
destruction and desolation of the city of
Jerusalem, for what did Christ tell His disciples
Pray that your
flight will not take place in the winter or on
the Sabbath. Matthew 24:20.
Note - Christ is here
speaking of the flight of the apostles and other
Christians out of Jerusalem and Judea, just
before the final destruction, as is manifest by
the whole context, and especially by the
sixteenth verse: Then let them which be in
Judea flee into the mountains. But the
final destruction of Jerusalem was after the
dissolution of the Jewish constitution, and after
the Christians dispensation was fully set up. Yet
it was plainly implied in those words of the
Lord, that even then Christians were bound to a
strict observation of the Sabbath.
The Great Teacher never
intimated that the Sabbath was a ceremonial
ordinance to cease with the Mosaic ritual,
instead of anticipating its extinction along with
the other ceremonial law; He speaks of its
existence after the downfall of Jerusalem.
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