What is the ground of
justification on Gods part?
So that having been justified
by grace, we might become heirs having the
hope of eternal life. Titus 3:7.
What is the means through
which this justifying grace is made available to
Since we have now been
justified by his blood, how much more
shall we be saved from Gods wrath through
him! Romans 5:9. [Christs blood]
How is justification laid
For we maintain that a
man is justified by faith apart from
observing the law. Romans 3:28.
What is the only way
sinners may be justified, or made righteous?
Know that a man is not
justified by observing the law, but by faith
in Jesus Christ. So, we too, have put our
faith in Christ Jesus that we may be justified by
faith in Christ and not by observing the law,
because by observing the law no one will be
justified. Galatians 2:16.
What concrete example
makes clear the meaning of this doctrine?
He took him outside
and said, Look up at the heavens and count
the stars if indeed you can count them.
Then he said unto him, So shall your
offspring be. Abram believed the Lord,
and he credited it to him as righteousness.
How is the righteousness
thus obtained described?
And he found in him,
not having a righteousness of my own that comes
from the law, but that which is through faith in
Christ the righteousness that comes
from God and is by faith.
Upon what basis is
Again, the gift of God
is not like the result of the one mans sin:
The judgment followed one sin and brought
condemnation, but the gift followed many
trespasses and brought justification.
Romans 5:16. [The free gift]
Upon what basis does the
reward come to one who works?
Now when a man works,
his wages are not credited to him as a gift, but an
Upon what condition is
faith reckoned for righteousness?
However, to the man
who does not work but trusts God who justifies
the wicked, his faith is credited as
righteousness. Verse 5.
How does grace, as the
ground of justification, exclude righteousness by
And if by grace,
then it is no longer by works; if it were, grace
would no longer be grace. Romans 11:6.
In what way are both Jews
and Gentiles to be justified?
Is God the God of the
Jews only? Is he not the God of the Gentiles too?
Yes, of the Gentiles too, since there is only one
God, who will justify the circumcised by faith
and the uncircumcised through the same faith.
What statement testifies
to Abrahams faith in God?
Yet he did not waver
through unbelief regarding the promise of God,
but was strengthened in his faith and gave glory
to God, being fully persuaded that God had
power to do what he had promised.
What did this bring to
This is why it was credited
to him as righteousness, Verse 22.
How may we receive this
The words it was
credited to him were written not for him
alone, but also for us, to whom God will credit
righteousness for us who believe in him
who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead.
What must justifying
faith lay hold upon both the death and
resurrection of Christ?
He was delivered
over to death for our sins and was raised to life
for our justification. Verse 25. And
if Christ has not been raised, your faith is
futile; you are till in your sins.
(See also 1 Corinthians
Note The resurrection
of Christ, the promised Seed (Galatians 3:16),
was necessary in order to fulfill to Abraham the
promise of an innumerable seed; and therefore
Abrahams faith in the promise of God, which
included the resurrection, was reckoned to him
for righteousness. His faith laid hold upon that
which made imputed righteousness possible. (See
What is inseparable from
the experience of justification by faith?
brothers, I want you to know that through Jesus
the forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to
you. Through him everyone who believes is justified
from everything you could not be justified by
the law of Moses. Acts 13:38,39.
How has Christ made it
possible for righteousness to be imparted to the
For just as through
the disobedience of the one man the many were
made sinners, so also through the obedience of
one man the many will be made righteous.
declaration foretold this truth?
But in the Lord
all the descendants of Israel will be found
righteous and will exult.
What other prediction
asserts the same great truth?
And the suffering of
his soul, he will see the light of life and be
satisfied; by his knowledge my
righteous servant will justify many, and he
will bear their iniquities.
What does the imputed
righteousness of Christ enable God to do, and
still be just?
He did it to
demonstrate his justice at the present time, so
as to be just and the one who justifies
those who have faith in Jesus. Romans 3:26.
By what name is Christ
The days are coming,
declares the Lord, When I will raise up to
David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign
wisely and do what is said and right in the land.
In his days Judah will be saved and Israel will
live in safety. This is the name by which he will
be called: The Lord our Righteousness.
What blessed experience
follows upon the acceptance of Christ as our
Therefore, since we
have been justified through faith, we have
peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.
What does Christ thus
become to the believer?
For he himself is
our peace, who has made the two one and
destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of
hostility. Ephesians 2:14.
On what basis is there no
possibility of justification for the sinner?
Therefore no one
will be declared righteous in his sight by
observing the law; rather, through the law we
become conscious of sin. Romans 3:20.
How does the death of
Christ bear testimony to this?
I do not set aside the
grace of God, for if righteousness could be
gained through the law, Christ died for nothing.
Note In the Book of
Galatians, and often elsewhere in the New
Testament, the word law denotes the Jewish
system of legal righteousness, that is,
righteousness presumably attained through the
mechanical performance of prescribed religious
What is proved by any
attempt to be justified by the law?
You who are trying to
be justified by law have been alienated from
Christ; you have fallen away from grace.
Why did Israel fail to
attain unto righteousness?
But Israel, who
pursued a law of righteousness has not attainted
it. Why not? Because they pursued it not by
faith but as if it were by works. They
stumbled over the stumbling stone.
What is revealed by the
Therefore no one will
be declared righteous in the sight of observing
the law; rather, through the law we become
conscious of sin. Romans 3:20.
Who bears witness to be
genuineness of the righteousness obtained by
faith, apart from the deeds of the law?
But now a
righteousness from God, apart from the law, has
been made known, to which the Law and the
Prophets testify. Verse 21.
Note Here the word law
denotes the first five books of the Bible.
How does faith set aside
the law of God?
Do we, then nullify
the law by this faith? Not at all! Rather, uphold
the law. Verse 31.
What scripture shows that
the righteousness which is received by grace
through faith must not be made an excuse for the
continuing in sin?
What shall we say,
then? Shall we go on sinning so that grace may
increase? By no means! We died
to sin; how can we live in it any longer? Romans
Does faith exclude works?
You foolish man, do
you want evidence that faith without deeds is
useless? James 2:20.
What is the evidence of
genuine, living faith?
But someone will say, You
have faith; I have deeds. Show me your
faith without deeds, and I will show you my
faith by what I do. Verse 18.
What then, are the
visible proofs of genuine justification by faith?
You see that a
person is justified by what he does and not
by faith alone. Verse 22.
What great exchange has
been wrought for us in Christ?
God made him who had
no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might
become the righteousness of God. 2
Note Said Martin Luther: Learn to
know Christ and Him crucified. Learn to sing unto
Him a new song; to despair of thyself, and say,
Thou, O Lord Jesus! Thou art my righteousness,
and I am Thy sin! Thou hast taken what is mine,
and given me what is Thine. What thou were not
Thou hast become, in order that what I was not I
might become. Letter to Spenlein
(1516), Martin Luther Sammtliche Schriften (Walch
ed.), Vol.21a, col 21, as translated by Merle DAubigne,
History of the Reformation, Book 2,