Kingdom and Work of the Papacy
What is said of
the little horn as compared with the ten horns of
the fourth beast of Daniel 7?
After them another
king will arise, different from the earlier
ones; he will subdue three kings.
Note The Papacy,
which arose on the ruins of the Roman Empire,
differed from all previous forms of Roman power
in that it was an ecclesiastical despotism
claiming universal dominion over both spiritual
and temporal affairs, especially the former. It
was a union of church and state, frequently with
the church dominant.
elements the barbarians and Arians left
[Came] under the protection of the Bishop of
Rome, who was the chief person there after the
Emperors disappearance. . . . The Roman
Church in this way privily pushed itself into the
place of the Roman World-Empire, of which it is
the actual continuation; the empire has not
perished, but has undergone a transformation . .
.That is no mere clever remark, but
the recognition of the true state of the matter
historically, and the most appropriate and
fruitful way of describing the character of this
Church. It still govern the nations
It is a
political creation, and as imposing a
World-Empire, because the continuation of the
Roman Empire. The Pope, who calls himself King
and Pontifex Maximus, is Caesars
successor. Adolf Harnack, What is
Christianity? (New York: G.P. Putnams
Sons, 1903), pp. 269, 270.
No, the Church will
not descend into the tomb. It will survive the
. At length a second empire will
arise, and of this empire the Pope will be the
master more than this, he will be the
master of Europe. He will dictate his orders to
kings who will obey them.
-Joseph Turmel 9under the
pseudonym Andre Lagarde), The Latin Church in
the Middle Ages (New York: Charles Scribners
Sons, 1915), preface, p. vi.
The Papacy and God
What attitude of rivalry
was the Papacy, represented by the little horn,
to assume toward the Most High?
He will speak
against the Most High and oppress his saints
and try to change the set times and the laws. The
saints will be handed over to him for a time,
times, and half a time. Verse 25.
How does Paul, speaking
of the man of sin, describe this same power?
He will oppose and
exalt himself over everything that is called God
or is worshiped, so that he sets himself up in
Gods temple, proclaiming himself to be God.
2 Thessalonians 2:4.
Note The following
extracts from authoritative works, most of them
by Roman Catholic writers, will indicate to what
extent the Papacy has done this: All names
which in the Scriptures are applied to Christ by
virtue of which it is established that he is over
the church, and all the same names are applied to
the Pope. Robert Bellarmine, Disputationes
de Controversiis, Tom. 2, Controversia
Prima, Book 2 (De Conciliorum
Auctoritate [On the Authority of Councils],
chap. 17 (1628 ed., Vol 1, p. 266), translated.
For not man, but God
separates those whom the Roman Pontiff (who
exercises the functions, not of a mere man, but
of the true God), having weighted the necessity
or benefit of the churches, dissolves, not by
human but rather by divine authority.
The Decretals of Gregory IX,
Book 1, title 7, chap. 3, in Corpus Juris
Canonici (1555-1556 ed.), Vol 2, col. 203,
The pope is the
supreme judge of the law of the land
. He is
the vicegerent of Christ, who is not only a
priest forever, but also King of kings and Lord
of lords. La Civilta Cattolica,
march 18, 1871, quoted in Leonard Woolsey
Bacon, An inside View of the Vatican Council
(American Tract Society ed.), p. 229, n.
Christ entrusted His
office to the chief pontiff;
but all power
in heaven and in earth has been given to Christ;
Therefore to the chief pontiff, who is His
vicar, will have this power. Corpus
Juris Canonici (1555-56 ed.), Vol 3, Extravagantes
Communes, Book 1, chap. 1, col. 29,
translated from a gloss on the words Porro
Subesse Romano Pnitiff.
Hence the Pope is
crowned with a triple crown, as king of heaven
and earth and of the lower regions (infernorum),
Lucius Ferraris, Prompta Bibliotheca, Papa
(the Pope), art. 2 (1772-77 ed., Vol. 6, p. 26),
All the faithful of
Christ must believe that the holy Apostolic See
and the Roman Pontiff possesses the primacy over
the whole world, and that the Roman Pontiff is
the successor of the Blessed Peter, Prince of the
Apostles, and is true vicar of Christ, and head
of the whole Church, and father and teacher of
all Christians; and that full power was given to
him in blessed Peter to rule, feed, and govern
the universal Church by Jesus Christ our Lord.
First Dogmatic Constitution on the Church
of Christ (Pastor Aeternus, published in
the fourth session of the Vatican Council, 1870),
chap 3, in Philip Schaff, Creeds of
Christendom (new York: Harper), Vol. 2, p.
We teach and define
that it is a dogma divinely revealed: that the
Roman Pontiff, when he speaks ex cathedra, that
is, when in discharge of the office of pastor and
doctor of all Christians, by virtue of his
supreme Apostolic authority, he defines a
doctrine regarding faith or morals to be held by
the universal Church, by the divine assistance
promised to him by blessed Peter, is possessed of
that infallibility with which the divine Redeemer
willed that his Church should be endowed for
defining doctrine regarding faith and morals; and
that therefore such definitions of the Roman
Pontiff are irreformable of themselves, and not
from the consent of the Church. Ibid.,
chap. 4, pp. 270, 271.
Among the twenty-seven
propositions known as the Dictates of
Hildebrand, who, under the name of Gregory
VII, was pope from 1073 to 1087, occur the
the Roman pontiff alone is justly styled
6. That no
may live under the same roof with
one excommunicated by the Pope.
all princes should kiss his feet only.
12. That it is
lawful for him to dispose emperors.
18. That his
sentence is not to be reviewed by anyone; while
he is alone can review the decisions of all
19. That he can
be judged by no one.
22. That the
Roman Church never erred, nor will it, according
to the Scriptures, ever err.
26. That no one
is to be accounted a Catholic who does not
harmonize with the Roman Church.
27. That he can
absolve subjects from their allegiance to
unrighteous rulers. Cesare Baronius,
Annales, year 1076, sections 31-33, Vol.
17 (1869 ed.), pp. 405, 406, translated.
They have assumed
infallibility, which belongs only to God. They
profess to forgive sins, which belongs only to
God. They profess to open and shut heaven, which
belong only to God. They profess to be higher
than all the kings of the earth, which belong
only to God. And they go beyond God in pretending
to loose whole nations from their oath of
allegiance to their kings, when such kings do not
please them. And they go against God, when
they give indulgences for sin. This
is the worst of all blasphemies. Adam
Clarke, Commentary, on Daniel 7:25.
The Papacy and Gods
How was the little horn
to treat Gods people?
He will speak against
the Most High and oppress his saints and
try to change the set times and the laws. The
saint will be handed over to him for a time,
times and half a time. Daniel 7:25.
Note Under the
bloody maxims [previously mentioned] those
persecutions were carried on, from the eleventh
and twelfth centuries almost to the present day,
which stand out on the page of history. After the
signal of open martyrdom had been given in the
canons of Orleans, there followed the expiration
of the Albigneses, under the form of a crusade,
the establishment of the inquisition, the cruel
attempt to extinguish the Waldenses, the
martyrdoms of the Lollards, the cruel wars to
exterminate the Bohemians, the burning of Huss
and Jerome, and multitudes of confessors, before
the Reformation; and afterwards, the ferocious
cruelties practiced in the Netherlands, the
martyrdom of queen Marys reign, the
extinction, by fire and sword, of the reformation
in Spain and Italy, by fraud and open persecution
in Poland, the massacre of Bartholomew, the
persecution of the Huguenots by the league,
and all the cruelties and perjuries connected
with the revocation of the edict of Nantz
[Nantes]. There are the more open and conspicuous
facts which explain the prophecy, besides the
slow and secret murders of the holy tribunal of
the inquisition. T. R. Birks, The
Four Prophetic Empires, and the Kingdom of the
Messiah (1845 ed.), pp. 248, 249.
The number of the victims of
the Inquisition in Spain is given in The
History of the Inquisition in Spain, by
Llorente, formerly secretary of the Inquisition
(1827 ed.), page 583. This authority acknowledges
that more than 300,000 suffered persecution in
Spain alone, of whom 31,912 died in the flames.
Millions more were slain for their faith
That the Church of
Rome has shed more innocent blood than any other
institution that has ever existed among mankind
will be questioned by no Protestant who has a
competent knowledge of history. The memorials,
indeed, of many of her persecutions are now so
scanty that it is impossible to form a complete
conception of the multitude of her victims, and
it is quite certain that no powers of imagination
can adequately realize their sufferings.
W.E. H. Lecky, History of the Rise and
Influence of the Spirit of Rationalism in Europe
(1910 ed.), Vol. 2, p. 32. (By permission of
Longmans, Green and Co.)
The Papacy and Gods Law
What else does the
prophecy say the little horn would do?
He will speak against
the Most High and oppress his saints and try
to change the set times and the laws.
Daniel 7:25, NIV.
Note Of the power of
the pope to altar divine laws a Catholic writer
has the following to say: The pope is of
such great authority and power that he can
modify, explain, or interpret even divine laws.
The pope can modify divine law, since his power
is not of man, but of God, and he acts as
vicegerent of God upon earth. Lucius
Ferraris, Prompta Bibliotheca, Papa,
art. 2, translated.
Although the Ten
Commandments, the law of God, are found in the
Roman Catholic versions of the Scriptures as they
were originally given, yet the faithful are
instructed from the catechisms of the church and
not directly from the Bible. As it appears in
these, the law of God has been changed and
virtually enacted by the Papacy. Furthermore,
communicants not only receive the law from the
church but also deal with the church concerning
any alleged infractions of that law, and when
they have satisfied the ecclesiastical
authorities the whole matter is settled.
The second commandment,
which forbids the making of, and bowing down to,
images, is omitted in Catholic catechisms, and
the tenth, which forbids coveting, is divided
As evidence of the change
which has been made in the law of God by the
papal power, and that it acknowledges the change
and claims the authority to make it, note the
following from the Roman Catholic publications:
Q. Have you
any other way of proving that the Church has
power to institute festivals of precept?
A. Had she not
such power, she could have done that in which all
modern religionists agree with her; she could not
have substituted the observance of Sunday the
first day of the week, for the observance of
Saturday the seventh day, a change for which
there is no scriptural authority.
Stephen Keenan, A Doctrinal Catechism, On
the Obedience Due the Church, chap. 2, p.
174. (Imprimatur, John Cardinal McCloskey,
archbishop of New York.)
Q. How can
you prove that the Church hath power to command
feasts and holydays?
A. By the very
act of changing the Sabbath into Sunday, which
Protestants allow of; and therefore they fondly
contradict themselves, by keeping Sunday strictly,
and breaking most other feasts commanded by the
Q. How can
you prove that?
A. Because by
keeping Sunday, they acknowledge the
Churchs power to ordain feasts, and to
command them under sin: and by not keeping the
rest by her commanded, they again deny, in fact,
the same power. Henry Tuberville, An
Abridgment of the Christian Doctrine, p. 58.
You may read the bible
from Genesis to Revelation, and you will not find
a single line authorizing the sanctification of
Sunday. The Scriptures enforce the religious
observance of Saturday, a day which we never
sanctify. James Cardinal Gibbons, The
Faith of our Fathers (1917 ed.), pp. 72, 73.
Gods Judgment and
Until what time were the
saints, times and laws of the Most High to be
given into the hands of the little horn?
The saints will be
handed over to him for a time, times and half
a time. Daniel 7:25.
The woman was given
the two wings of a great eagle, so that she might
fly to the place prepared fro her in the desert,
where she would be taken care of for a time,
times and half a time, out of the serpents
reach. Revelation 12:14. The beast
was given a mouth to utter proud words and
blasphemies and to exercise his authority for
Revelation 13:5. (See also
Revelation 11:2.) The woman fled into the
desert to a place prepared for her by God, where
she might be taken care of for 1,260 days.
In apocalyptic prophecy what
length of time is represented by a day?
Answer: A year of literal
Note God measures
apocalyptic prophecy time in two ways: (a) a day
for a year, and (b) as literal time. The presence
or absence of the Jubilee calendar determines how
God measures time.
The decree of the
emperor Justinian, issued in A.D. 533, recognized
the pope as head of all holy churches.
(Justinians Code, Book 1, title 1, sec.4,
in The Civil Law, translated by S.P.
Scott, Vol, 12, p. 12.) The overwhelming defeat
of the Ostrogoths in the siege of Rome, five
years later, A.D. 538, was a death blow to the
independence of the Arian power then ruling
Italy, and marks the year as notable in the
development of papal supremacy. The year 538,
then, may be taken as marking the beginning of
the 1,260 years of this prophecy, which would be
extended to the year 1798. As a direct result of
the revolt against papal authority in the French
Revolution, the French army, under Berthier,
entered Rome, and the pope was taken prisoner in
February 1798, dying in exile at Valence, France,
the following year. The year 1798, during which
the death stroke was inflicted upon the Papacy,
may thus be taken as marking the close of the
long prophetic period mentioned in this prophecy.
What fate will eventually
befall the little horn?
But the court will
sit, and his power will be taken away and completely
destroyed forever. Daniel 7:26.
To what will the dominion
finally be given?
Then the sovereignty, power and
greatness of the kingdoms under the whole
heaven will be handed over to the saints, the
people of the Most High. His kingdom will be an
everlasting kingdom, and all rulers will worship
and obey him. Verse 27.