Law of God in the Patriarchal Age
Sin and the Law
Can there be sin where
there is no law?
Because law brings
wrath. And where there is no law, there is no
transgression. Romans 4:15, 5:13.
Through what is the
knowledge of sin obtained?
Therefore no one will
be declared righteous in his sight by observing
the law; rather, through the law we become
conscious of sin. Romans 3:20; 7:7.
Was sin in the world
before the law was given on Mount Sinai?
For before the law
was given, sin was in the world. But sin is
not taken into account when there is no law.
Adam and His Sons
When did sin and death enter
Therefore, just as sin
entered the world through one man [Adam], and
death through sin, and in this way death came to
all men, because all sinned. Romans 5:12.
What shows that God imputed
sin to Cain?
If you do what is
right, will you not be accepted? But if you do
not do what is right, sin is crouching at your
door; it desires to have you, but you must
master it. Now Cain said to his brother
Abel, Lets go out into the field. And
while they were in the field, Cain attacked his
brother Abel and killed him. Then the Lord said
to Cain, Where is your brother Abel?
I dont know, he replied. Am
I my brothers keeper? The Lord said,
What have you done? Listen! Your brothers
blood cries out to me from the ground. Now you
are under a curse and driven from the ground,
which opened its mouth to receive your brothers
blood from your hand. Genesis 4:7-11.
What was the difference from
Cain and Abel?
Do not be like Cain,
who belonged to the evil one and murdered his
brother. And why did he murder him? Because
his own actions were evil and his brothers
1 John 3:12.
Note It is the law of
God that distinguishes between right and wrong.
Therefore, the law of God must have existed at
1. God gave to Adam a
law, as a covenant of works, by which he bound
him and all his posterity to personal, entire,
exact, and perpetual obedience; promised life
upon the fulfilling, and threatened death upon
the breech of it; and endued him with power and
ability to keep it.
2. This law, after his
fall, continued to be a perfect rule of
righteousness; and, as such was delivered by God
[Michael/Jesus] upon Mount Sinai in Ten
Commandments, and written on two tables; the
first four commandments containing our duty
towards God, and the other six our duty to man.
The Days of Noah
What situation upon the
earth led God to destroy it by a Flood?
So God said to Noah,
I am going to put an end to all people, for
the earth is filled with violence because of them.
I am surely going to destroy both them and the
earth. Genesis 6:13.
What is Noah called?
If he did not spare
the ancient world when he brought the flood on
its ungodly people, but protected Noah, a
preacher of righteousness, and seven others.
2 Peter 2:5.
Note Noah must have
preached repentance and obedience of faith that
brings the life into harmony with the law of God.
The Time of Lot and Abraham
Why did God make His
promise to the seed of Abraham?
obeyed me and kept my requirements, my
commands, my decrees and my laws. Genesis
Note Then Gods
laws existed in Abrahams time.
Why did the Lord destroy
Now the men of Sodom were
wicked and were sinning greatly against the Lord.
What was the character of
And if he rescued Lot,
a righteous man, who was distressed by the filthy
lives of lawless men (for that righteous man,
living among them day after day, was tormented in
his righteous soul by the lawless deeds he
saw and heard). 2 Peter 2:7,8.
Note Their deeds
would not have been unlawful had there
been no law then in existence. Unlawful means
contrary to law.
What did God say concerning
In the fourth
generation your descendants will come back here,
for the sin of the Amorites has not yet
reached its full measure. Genesis
Note Ahab did
very abominably in following idols, according
to all the things as did the Amorites, whom
the Lord cast out before the children of Israel.
1 Kings 21:26. You must not live according
to the customs of the nations I am going to drive
out before you. Because they did all these
things, I abhorred them. Leviticus 20:23.
The statement that they
committed all these things refers to what
had been previously forbidden to the Israelites.
Among these things was idolatrous worship
(Leviticus 20:1-5), showing that the Gentiles, as
well as the Jews, were amenable to the law of
God, and were abhorred of God for violating it.
Joseph and Moses
What did Joseph, in Egypt, say
when tempted to sin?
No one is greater in
this house than I am. My master has withheld
nothing from me except you, because you are his
wife. How then could I do such a wicked thing
and sin against God? Genesis
Before giving the law at
Sinai, how did God rebuke the people for going
out to gather manna on the seventh day?
Then the Lord said to
Moses, How long will you refuse to keep
my commands and my instructions? Exodus
Had the Lord previously spoken
of the Sabbath?
Tomorrow is to be a
day of rest, a holy Sabbath to the Lord.
Before the encampment at
Sinai, what had Moses taught Israel?
Whenever they had a
dispute, it was brought to me, and I will decide
between the parties and inform them of Gods
decrees and laws. Exodus 18:16.
Note All this shows
that the law of God existed from the beginning,
and was known and taught in the world before it
was proclaimed at Sinai.